Ford Escape Manuals
Ford Escape 2020-2022 Service Manual / Chassis / Brake System / Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) and Stability Control / Description and Operation - Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) and Stability Control - Overview

Ford Escape: Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) and Stability Control / Description and Operation - Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) and Stability Control - Overview

Overview

The ABS and stability control systems are comprised of the following subsystems which assist the driver in maintaining control of the vehicle:

  • ABS
  • EBD
  • EPB control
  • ESC
  • Hill start assist
  • Hydraulic fade compensation
  • RSC
  • Selectable drive modes
  • Supplemental braking assist
  • Supports adaptive cruise control
  • Supports collision avoidance
  • Traction control
  • Trailer sway control

The ABS helps maintain steering control by preventing the wheels from locking up during hard braking. The ABS also includes a brake assist function provides maximum brake system pressure during a severe braking event.

The EBD system helps maintain vehicle control by keeping a balanced braking condition between the front and rear wheels.

The ABS module is the ECU for the EPB system. For information on the electric parking brake system,
Refer to: Parking Brake - System Operation and Component Description (206-05 Parking Brake and Actuation, Description and Operation).

The ESC system helps prevent skids or lateral slides by modulating brake fluid to the brake calipers and reducing engine torque.

The hill start assist system is designed to assist the driver during hill starts. Using the ABS , the hill start assist system holds the vehicle on an incline for a short period of time, allowing the driver to release the brake pedal and press the accelerator pedal without needing to use the parking brake.

Hydraulic fade compensation counteracts brake fade by providing additional brake pressure at the wheel ends if the maximum achievable vehicle deceleration is not reached when the driver applies significant force to the brake pedal.

The RSC system helps prevent excessive vehicle roll by modulating brake fluid pressure to individual brake calipers and reducing engine torque.

The selectable drive mode system helps maintain vehicle traction by adapting the responses of the engine, transmission, AWD system, the EPAS system, the ABS and the stability control system to the demands of the terrain.

The supplemental braking assist system uses the hydraulic pump motor and HCU to provide additional braking assist during a severe braking event.

The ABS supports the adaptive cruise control system by applying the brakes as necessary to maintain the distance gap set by the driver. For information on the adaptive cruise control system,
Refer to: Cruise Control - System Operation and Component Description (419-03B Cruise Control - Vehicles With: Adaptive Cruise Control, Description and Operation).

The ABS supports the collision avoidance system by monitoring information and precharging the brake system to allow the vehicle to stop in the shortest distance possible. For information on the collision avoidance system,
Refer to: Collision Warning and Collision Avoidance System - System Operation and Component Description (419-03C Collision Warning and Collision Avoidance System, Description and Operation).

The traction control system helps prevent loss of traction by reducing drive wheel spin during acceleration.

The trailer sway control system helps maintain vehicle stability while towing a trailer by detecting and aiding in the reduction of conditions causing trailer sway.

Some noise from the system and pulsations in the brake pedal are normal conditions during most ABS and stability control events. Also, longer than normal brake pedal travel may be experienced immediately following an ABS or stability control activation.

    Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) and Stability Control

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    Description and Operation - Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) and Stability Control - System Operation and Component Description

    System Operation System Diagrams ABS With EBB Item Description 1 ABS module 2 Hydraulic pressure sensor 3 EBB assembly 4 Wheel speed sensors 5 GWM 6 RCM 7 PSCM 8 BCM 9 AWD module 10 IPC 11 IPMA 12 HVAC module 13 GSM 14 PCM 15 SODR ..

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