Ford Escape Manuals
Ford Escape 2020-2022 Service Manual / Powertrain / Engine / Fuel Charging and Controls - Turbocharger - 1.5L EcoBoost (132kW/180PS) – I3 (Y1) / Description and Operation - Turbocharger - System Operation and Component Description

Ford Escape: Fuel Charging and Controls - Turbocharger - 1.5L EcoBoost (132kW/180PS) – I3 (Y1) / Description and Operation - Turbocharger - System Operation and Component Description

System Operation

Turbocharger And Charge Air Cooler (CAC) Systems

Turbocharger System

A turbocharger is an exhaust gas driven device used to increase the power output of an engine by the turbocharger compressor increasing the pressure of the air entering the engine. The turbocharger uses exhaust gas energy to drive the turbine connected to the compressor. Compressing the air causes the temperature to increase. The CAC lowers the temperature of compressed air which increases the density of the air before entering the cylinder.

The wastegate on the turbocharger turbine side is opened to reduce exhaust gas flow through the turbine when boost pressure is not needed. A pneumatic actuator controls the wastegate valve opening. The turbocharger wastegate is controlled by the PCM by a PWM signal to the turbocharger wastegate regulating valve solenoid.

The pneumatic wastegate is vacuum actuated, and the poppet style wastegate valve is normally opened at idle or low engine airflow conditions depending on vehicle configuration and requirements such as fuel economy and boost performance. The turbocharger wastegate regulating valve solenoid supplies vacuum to the wastegate actuator to close the poppet style wastegate valve.

The 3 cylinder system uses only 1 turbocharger and 1 turbocharger wastegate.

Charge Air Cooler (CAC) System — Air To Air Cooled

The CAC system cools the intake air which has been heated by the turbocharger. The removal of heat from the pressurized air going into the CAC increases the air density which improves combustion efficiency, engine horsepower, and torque. The system consists of a CAC radiator in the grille and tubing to interconnect these components. The CAC is positioned after the turbocharger directly in the flow of the intake air. As the heated air flows through the CAC , it is cooled by the airflow through the grille. The PCM maintains a desirable intake air temperature by monitoring the MAP / IAT2 (located at the intake manifold) sensor.

Component Description

Turbocharger

The turbocharger assembly is an exhaust driven centrifugal compressor. Expanding exhaust gases drive the turbine shaft assembly to speeds over 100,000 RPM . The turbocharger increases the power output of an engine by increasing the mass of air entering the engine.

The turbocharger has an integrated wastegate.

Turbocharger Wastegate Regulating Valve Solenoid

The turbocharger wastegate regulating valve solenoid allows the PCM to control the turbocharger wastegate position. The turbocharger wastegate regulating valve solenoid controls the vacuum supplied to the pneumatically actuated wastegate diaphragm in order to control the boost pressure limit. When the compressor outlet pressure increases, a pneumatically powered actuator opens the turbocharger wastegate and limits the compressor outlet pressure. The turbocharger wastegate regulating valve solenoid supplies vacuum to the pneumatically actuated wastegate canister diaphragm, which regulates the boost pressure to the desired value.

For the normally open vacuum actuated turbocharger wastegate, the turbocharger wastegate regulating valve solenoid controls vacuum applied to the turbocharger wastegate actuator. The amount of vacuum applied to the turbocharger wastegate actuator allows the PCM to control the boost pressure. To generate maximum boost pressure, the PCM controls the turbocharger wastegate regulating valve solenoid to apply full vacuum to the turbocharger wastegate actuator. Boost pressure levels are controlled by regulating vacuum to the wastegate actuator. The spring pressure in the turbocharger wastegate actuator defaults the turbocharger wastegate to a fully open position.

    Description and Operation - Turbocharger - Component Location

    1.5L EcoBoost Turbocharger Components Item Description 1 Turbocharger 2 Turbocharger oil supply tube 3 Turbocharger oil return tube 4 Turbocharger coolant supply tube 5 Turbocharger coolant return tube 6 Wastegate control valve solenoid 1...

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