Ford Escape Manuals
Ford Escape 2020-2022 Service Manual / Powertrain / Exhaust System / Exhaust System / Diagnosis and Testing - Catalyst System

Ford Escape: Exhaust System / Diagnosis and Testing - Catalyst System

Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Chart

Diagnostics in this manual assume a certain skill level and knowledge of Ford-specific diagnostic practices.
REFER to: Diagnostic Methods (100-00 General Information, Description and Operation).


Module DTC Description Action
PCM P0420:00 Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 1): No Sub Type Information GO to Pinpoint Test HF
PCM P0430:00 Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 2): No Sub Type Information GO to Pinpoint Test HF

Global Customer Symptom Code (GCSC) Chart

Diagnostics in this manual assume a certain skill level and knowledge of Ford-specific diagnostic practices.
REFER to: Diagnostic Methods (100-00 General Information, Description and Operation).


Symptom Action
Start/Run/Move > Running > Failed Emissions Testing > Catalyst GO to Pinpoint Test EM
Start/Run/Move > Odor > Chemical > Always GO to Pinpoint Test HF

Pinpoint Tests


PINPOINT TEST EM: EMISSION COMPLIANCE
Introduction

NOTE: Canada and some states or metropolitan areas in the United States require periodic emission, or inspection/maintenance tests. All Ford products are designed to pass these tests. If a Ford product fails the test, the most likely causes are:

  • The engine or catalyst temperature are not warm and stabilized before the test.
  • Excessive idling by the vehicle before the test.

Normal Operation and Fault Conditions

If any new emission components are installed, carry out the following steps before repeating the inspection/maintenance test procedure:

  • Reset the KAM . Refer to Resetting The KAM .
  • To relearn some basic adaptive learning (trim) values, run the engine at 2,500 RPM for 1 minute and idle the engine for 2 minutes.

Verifying an excessive grams per mile (gpm) indication using a parts per million (ppm) reading.

For excessive vehicle gas readings, compare the actual gpm reading to the gas cutpoint level needed to pass testing. This gives an indication of how much the ppm reading has to be reduced (if the actual reading is twice the cutpoint, the baseline reading has to be cut in half or more).

Example:

  • The actual HC produced by a vehicle is 1.6 gpm. The cutpoint for HC in this example is 0.8 gpm. The actual reading is twice the cutpoint.
  • The HC reading obtained for the same vehicle during the baseline drive averages 440 ppm. In order for this vehicle to pass the inspection/maintenance test, the HC reading from the verification trip must be at least half of the baseline reading, or an average of 220 ppm or less.
  • This method only gives a general idea of how much the ppm reading needs to be reduced in order for the vehicle to pass an inspection/maintenance test that calculates gpm. This test is not exact. Experience still has to be used to determine if the emission readings are reduced enough for the vehicle to pass the inspection/maintenance test.

Possible Sources

  • Intake air system concern
  • Exhaust system concern
  • Fuel system concern
  • Ignition system concern
PINPOINT TEST HF: CATALYST EFFICIENCY MONITOR AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS
Introduction

Normal Operation and Fault Conditions

Refer to the DTC Fault Trigger Conditions.

DTC Fault Trigger Conditions

DTC Description Fault Trigger Condition
PCM P0420:00 Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 1): No Sub Type Information Sets when PCM detects the bank 1 catalyst system efficiency is below the acceptable threshold. Under normal closed loop fuel conditions, high efficiency catalysts have oxygen storage capability. As catalyst efficiency deteriorates, its ability to store oxygen declines. Refer to the Catalyst Efficiency Monitor description for additional information. Diagnose any base engine concerns. Refer to the appropriate 303-00 section, Engine System.
PCM P0430:00 Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold (Bank 2): No Sub Type Information Sets when PCM detects the bank 2 catalyst system efficiency is below the acceptable threshold. Under normal closed loop fuel conditions, high efficiency catalysts have oxygen storage capability. As catalyst efficiency deteriorates, its ability to store oxygen declines. Refer to the Catalyst Efficiency Monitor description for additional information. Diagnose any base engine concerns. Refer to the appropriate 303-00 section, Engine System.

Possible Sources

  • HO2S 2WD 4WD circuitry concern
  • Exhaust system concern
  • Contaminated oil
  • Base engine concern
  • Fuel injector
  • Turbocharger
  • HO2S

    Description and Operation - Exhaust System - System Operation and Component Description

    System Operation Catalyst And Exhaust Systems The catalytic converter and exhaust systems work together to control the release of harmful engine exhaust emissions into the atmosphere...

    Diagnosis and Testing - Exhaust System

    Global Customer Symptom Code (GCSC) Chart Diagnostics in this manual assume a certain skill level and knowledge of Ford-specific diagnostic practices...

    Other information:

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    Categories

    Master Access Code

    What Is the Master Access Code

    The master access code is a factory-set five-digit entry code. You can operate the keypad with the master access code at any time. The master access code is on the owner’s wallet card in the glove box and is available from an authorized dealer.

    Displaying the Master Access Code

    To display the factory-set code in the information display:

    Ford Escape. Master Access Code

    Remove the rubber mat. Insert the first programmed key in the backup slot. Press the push button ignition switch once and wait a few seconds. Press the push button ignition switch again and remove the key. Within 10 seconds, place a second programmed intelligent access key in the backup slot and press the push button ignition switch.

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