Ford Escape Manuals
Ford Escape 2020-2023 Service Manual / Electrical / Battery and Charging System / Voltage Converter/Inverter / Description and Operation - Direct Current/Direct Current (DC/DC) Converter Control Module - System Operation and Component Description

Ford Escape: Voltage Converter/Inverter / Description and Operation - Direct Current/Direct Current (DC/DC) Converter Control Module - System Operation and Component Description

System Operation

System Diagram - DCDC

Item Description
1 Ignition Switch
7 High Voltage/Low Current Fuse

Network Message Chart

  DCDC Network Input Messages

Broadcast Message Originating Module Message Purpose
DCDC HEV wake up enable ISC/SOBDMC Hard wired command to enable the DCDC
High voltage input ISC/SOBDMC Voltage measured at the ISC/SOBDMC used to compare with voltage at the DCDC .
Power pack torque status   PCM Determines if the power pack is on or off and if torque is available.
Gear lever position   PCM Determines the transaxle gear state.
DCDC low setpoint request   PCM Enables and sets the low voltage charging setpoint.
OBD II warm up completions   PCM Counter for DTC aging.
Ambient air temperature   PCM Ambient air temperature measured.
High voltage battery status   BECM High voltage battery current flow, contactor commands and system shutdown status.
Power mode status   BCM Information of current power mode state.
Ignition status   BCM Determines the ignition state.
12-volt battery sensor voltage (gateway)   BCM 12-volt battery voltage measured with battery sensor.
Vehicle configuration data (gateway)   BCM Vehicle configuration strategy.

DCDC Operation

The DCDC is responsible for maintaining and charging the 12-volt battery. The ISC/ SOBDMC sends a HEV wakeup signal to the DCDC through a hardwired circuit. For information on the high-voltage battery system,

The DCDC is liquid cooled by the electric motor cooling system circuit. The electric motor cooling circuit uses an electric motor diverter valve that acts as a system thermostat, allowing the coolant to flow within the motor circuit while the motor warms. As the coolant warms, the diverter valve slowly opens to allow coolant flow to the radiator. For more information on electric powertrain cooling,
Refer to: Electric Powertrain Cooling - Overview (303-03D Electric Powertrain Cooling - Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), Description and Operation).

The DCDC communicates on the HS-CAN1 with or without the high voltage contactors closed. A wake up circuit from the ISC/ SOBDMC activates the module processor. If the wake up circuit fails and high-voltage is present, the DCDC still charges but with a delay.

Faults with the DCDC that cause low or excessively high 12-volt battery voltage result in the DCDC sending a network message requesting the CHECK CHARGING SYSTEM message be displayed in the message center.

The DCDC is protected by a 50 amp high voltage low current fuse located in the high-voltage BJB . The DCDC steps the high-voltage down to a low-voltage (between 13.0 and 15.5 volts, depending on vehicle needs), providing power to the vehicle low-voltage battery systems. Depending on the vehicle and environmental conditions, the DCDC is capable of outputting up to 265 amps to the 12-volt battery.

Component Description


The DCDC is responsible for maintaining and charging the 12-volt battery, it communicates on the HS-CAN1 .


The ISC/SOBDMC provides a wake up signal to the DCDC during key on.


The PCM communicates on the HS-CAN1 and determines the ambient air temperature, enables and sets the low voltage charging setpoint, determines power pack status and transaxle gear state.


The BECM communicates on the HS-CAN1 , determines the high voltage battery current flow, commands the high voltage contactors and monitors system shutdown status.


The BCM communicates on the HS-CAN1 , determines the ignition state, communicates the power mode state and measures the 12-volt battery voltage with the battery sensor.

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